Type 2 diabetes is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas produces insulin; however, the amount is either not sufficient for the needs of the body, or the body’s cells resist it.
This is called insulin resistance. It occurs usually in fat, liver and the muscle cells. Insulin resistance causes the pancreas to overly produce insulin to bring about an effect. Still, the blood sugar remains very high.
This type of diabetes is prevalent in those with African-Caribbean descent, in American Indians, in Hispanics and in South Asian. However, the expression of this condition cannot be tied down to a single gene. Obesity and weight gain are also important determinants of Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes, in comparison to Type 1 diabetes is milder.
Still, it can lead to major health problems affecting the blood vessels of the kidneys, nerves, and eyes. It can also lead to cardiovascular diseases and stroke.
It used to be called adult-onset diabetes as it commonly appears among individuals who are in their middle ages, but it can also be developed in younger individuals who possess the following characteristics:
- With a history of diabetes in their family
- Are overweight or obese
- Live a sedentary lifestyle
- Have already experienced heart attack, hypertension or stroke
- Have heart disease or high blood pressure
- Have been determined to have a marginal blood glucose examination result
- Overweight women who have been diagnosed to be suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome
- Women diagnosed with high level of blood glucose during pregnancy (gestational diabetes)
Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes are slow to show, usually appearing at later stages in life, by which time serious health complications may have already occurred. The longer it remains undetected and untreated, the greater is the severity of organ damage.
Some individuals will only discover the problem through a routine medical examination. Preventive measures must be taken to reduce the risk of developing this type of diabetes and its complications.
Apart from the above-mentioned symptoms of Type 1 diabetes, those with Type 2 diabetes may express fainting, headaches, numbness and tingling of the extremities, and in rare cases, loss of consciousness.
They may also have several yeast-induced infections. Another symptom is itching around the vagina or groin.
Skin color may darken around the neck, armpits and crotch areas. Careful observation must be given to slow-healing sores or cuts, especially those in the feet.
If you have slow-healing wounds in the feet, this is cause for immediate concern. Contact your doctor immediately.