Latest Trends in Diabetes and it’s Symptoms
About 10 million persons in the United States have diabetes, although almost half of them are unaware that they are diabetic. There is huge count all over the world and it may reach to 100 million in number. In Asian countries India is hub of diabetes. Three out of ten diabetics end up in the hospital every year. Eight out of ten diabetics develop eye problems. Diabetes is the leading cause of new blindness. Diabetics are eighteen times more likely to experience severe kidney damage than are non-diabetics: 25 percent of kidney dialysis patients are diabetics. Diabetes more than doubles the risk of heart disease and stroke.
There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. The onset is sudden in children and young adults and accounts for about 20 percent of all known cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is known as non insulin-dependent diabetes or Adult onset diabetes. This type affects people of middle-age and older. Of this group at least 90 percent are obese.
Symptoms of Diabetes
The most common symptoms of diabetes include constant hunger, frequent urination, being always thirsty, weakness, loss of weight, mental depression, dry red tongue, blindness, irritability, restlessness and poor circulation. Not all these symptoms are present in every case.
The normal blood sugar is 80-120 mg/dl., but can rise after a meal up to 150 mg/100 ml. of blood. When the blood sugar exceeds 180, it will spill over into the urine. To excrete the sugar, water is taken from the tissues causing frequent urination and increased thirst. The appetite is often increased because we are not fully utilizing the food we normally eat.
A diabetic coma is caused by not enough insulin, causing high blood sugar. Symptoms are headache, thirst, frequent urination and fatigue. The face becomes red, the skin hot and dry, and the breath has a sweetish odor. Nausea and vomiting sometimes occur. Respiration become rapid and the pulse increases. If insulin and fluid are not given immediately the person will lose consciousness.
Insulin shock is caused by too much insulin causing low blood sugar. Its symptoms are nervousness, pallor, hunger, perspiration and behavior that resembles intoxication. If a complex carbohydrate (such as ripe fruit) is not given promptly, the individual becomes drowsy, disoriented and eventually unconscious.
In 1981 diabetics in the United States needed the glands of 56 million animals to meet their insulin needs. To produce a single pound of animal insulin, the amount required to maintain approximately 750 diabetics for a single year, 8,000 pounds of glands from 23,500 animals were required. In the past, insulin was obtained in tiny amounts exclusively from the glands of pigs and cattle supplied by slaughter houses.
Insulin, a preparation used in the medical treatment of diabetes, is prepared from animal pancreas, usually pork or beef; there is also human insulin available. Orinase, Tolinase, Diabinese or Dymelor are oral medicines which many Type 2 diabetics take. These medicines are not insulin, but drugs that stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin. There are many natural ways to stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin without taking the drugs which have side effects.