If there’s anything that you need to understand deeply about your body, it should be how it produces insulin, the enzyme that causes the breaking down of carbohydrates into utilizable components.
The pancreas is the organ that manufactures insulin.
Back in your elementary or high school days, you might have been taught about the function of carbohydrates in our body. They are the providers of energy. Without carbohydrates, you will feel tired or weak.
Your doctor will determine the carbohydrate utilization mode your body is using. One mode is that your pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin.
The other mode is where it is able to produce the enzyme but the kind of insulin that is produced is not effective in breaking down carbohydrates (which includes the sugars that you eat).
Unprocessed carbohydrates just remain in the blood until they are flushed out in the urine. This increased amount of carbohydrates/sugar in the blood compels the body to flush out water frequently.
This is the reason why diabetics visit the toilet more frequently than before. And when they do that, the immediate consequence is the body will lack fluids.
That’s why you always get thirsty. These are the three observable symptoms of diabetes – tiredness, frequent urination and thirstiness.
The three types of diabetes are characterized by an unusually high level of blood sugar. This is either because the body cannot produce sufficient insulin or cannot use the insulin produced, or sometimes even both.
Insulin as mentioned earlier is the hormone needed by the cells in the body to take up glucose, which is needed for energy.
High levels of blood sugar can lead to damage in the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, eyes, or nervous system.
Diabetes may therefore lead to cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases, vision impairment and blindness, as well as damage to the nervous system, if left undetected and untreated.